England's once-in-a-generation summer ended with Australia retaining the Ashes despite the home side's series-ending win at the Oval.
A 2-2 draw was not enough to win back the urn but conversely, England's fortunes in the limited-overs formats have never been better and they lifted the World Cup at Lord's in July.
Here, the PA news agency looks at whether there is a correlation between whether being successful in one format comes at a detriment to another.
England in Tests Nov 2010-Jun 2015
Series record (win/loss/draw): 8-4-4
Test-by-Test record: 23-17-14
Totals of 400-plus: 24 in 96 innings, a success rate of 25 per cent
Totals of less than 100 all out: one
Runs per wicket: 36.67
Runs per over: 3.21
This period began with England retaining the Ashes in Australia in the winter of 2010-11, with four innings where they topped 500 thanks largely to the inspirational form of opener Alastair Cook. The team's abject showing at the 2015 World Cup though prompted a change of emphasis.
England in Tests in the Trevor Bayliss era
Series record (win/loss/draw): 8-5-4
Test-by-Test record: 27-25-7
Totals of 400-plus: 16 in 112 innings, a success rate of 14.3 per cent
Totals of less than 100 all out: Four
Runs per wicket: 30.84
Runs per over: 3.25
England failed to score 400 in any innings of this summer's Ashes series. Only the heroics of Ben Stokes helped cover up an embarrassing 67 all out in the first innings at Headingley, and there were warning signs earlier in the summer when they only managed 85 first time out against Ireland at Lord's.
England in ODIs Nov 2010-Jun 2015
Record (win/loss/tie/no result): 49-53-2-4
Totals of 350-plus: Three (all after the 2015 World Cup)
Runs per over: 5.38
The summer of 2015 marked a notable change in England's approach and results in one-day cricket after a miserable World Cup campaign earlier in the year.
England in ODIs in the Trevor Bayliss era
Record (win/loss/tie/no result): 62-24-2-5
Totals of 350-plus: 15
Runs per over: 6.21
The bolder approach to ODI cricket developed under Bayliss reached its goal with the dramatic victory over New Zealand in the World Cup final earlier this summer.